Earnings model

Income from the value of the unlisted market

CapMan’s income is derived from the value and yield development of unlisted Nordic  companies and Nordic real estate and infrastructure assets, as well as fees from fund and wealth management and services.

Fee income comprises 1) management fees from funds and services and 2) other service fees.

The fee income reported in the Management Company segment includes management fees related to CapMan’s position as a fund management company, fees from other services closely related to fund management and fees from wealth advisory services.

As a fund manager, CapMan receives management fees during a fund’s entire period of operations. This fee is typically based on the fund’s original size during its investment period, which is usually five years. Thereafter the fee is typically based on the acquisition cost of the fund’s remaining portfolio. Total management fee income increases with new fundraising, and therefore the success of fundraising represents an important indicator for any analysis of CapMan. The level of management fee income declines as exits are made. The fee base also decreases when the investment periods of individual funds end, and the basis for calculating management fees switches from a fund’s original size to the acquisition cost of its remaining portfolio.

Annual management fees are usually 0.5-2.0% of a fund’s total commitments, depending whether the fund is a real estate fund, a mezzanine fund, or an equity fund. In the case of real estate funds, management fees are also paid on committed debt capital. The average management fee percentage paid by CapMan-managed funds is approx. 1%.

Fees from wealth advisory services are also reported under the Management Company segment.

Other service fees reported under the Service segment include fees through CapMan Procurement Services (CaPS) as well as other services related to fund management.

The latest fee guidance is presented in the most recent interim report.

Carried interest refers to the distribution of the profits of a successful private equity fund among fund investors and the fund manager responsible for the fund’s investment activities. In CapMan’s earnings model, carried interest means a share of a fund’s cash flow received by the fund manager after the fund has transferred to carry. The fund transfers to carry after a preferential annual return, typically 8% p.a., has been achieved for the fund.

The recipients of carried interest in the private equity industry are typically the investment professionals responsible for a fund’s investment activities. In CapMan’s case, carried interest is split between CapMan Plc and funds’ investment teams.

CapMan applies a principle where funds transfer to carry and carried interest income are based on realised cash flows, not based on calculated and as yet unrealised return. As the level of carried interest income varies, depending on the timing of exits and the stage at which funds are in their life cycle, predicting future levels of carried interest is difficult.

In the case of funds that are already in carry, their carried income interest potential over the next few upcoming years can be evaluated by reviewing their portfolio and their individual investments. In practice, an analysis of the latter can help estimate how much of a portfolio’s remaining fair value is associated with each portfolio company and what its impact on carried interest will be. When analysing individual investments, it is important to remember that when a fund is in carry CapMan will receive carried interest income from all of its cash flows, including those generated by investments sold below their original acquisition cost. This is because fund investors have already been repaid the capital they originally invested, together with their preferential returns.

Please see our FAQ for more information about carried interest.

CapMan also invests actively in the private assets asset class from its own balance sheet, mainly in its own funds. CapMan typically commits 1-5% of the original fund size depending on the size and demand for the fund in question, in addition to CapMan’s own investment capacity. The objective of CapMan’s own investments is to balance fluctuations in income  as investment returns are reflected in the results faster compared to carried interest income.

CapMan typically funds its investments with 50% debt in order to leverage the return on equity. Investments contribute to results both as realised returns and fair value changes.

Realised returns are e.g. exit proceeds and interest. Fair values changes depend on the development of underlying assets and their peer group as well as general market conditions. Investment returns can also be negative.

Operating segments

CapMan has three operating segments: Management Company, Services and Investments. The Management Company business includes the management of CapMan’s private equity funds, which invest in portfolio companies, real estate and infrastructure assets as well as wealth management services. The Services business includes CapMan’s share of Procurement Services CaPS. Investments comprise CapMan’s own investments in the private equity asset class, mainly investments in own funds.